Gun smithing is a rare kind of profession that entails designing, modifying, repairing and assembly of different kind of firearms. Gunsmiths can easily identify different parts of a firearm that are defective or worn out and make the necessary replacements. They are also able to modify different kinds of firearms to conform to competitive rules as the clients may specify.
Gunsmiths are also able to engrave and apply different kinds of decorations and carvings on firearms. This is especially important since, as a rule, all guns should have engraved serials so that the governments can be able to trace ownership of the weapon. This is important especially when a firearm is used to perpetuate criminal activities.
Gunsmiths should have a good knowledge of mathematics, chemistry, ballistics and the engineering of different materials. In addition, they should also be skilled in metalwork, woodwork, fabrication and the blacksmith trade before they are able to make an entry into this trade.
The ability to produce accurate products with precision as well as knowledge of local, state and federal laws that govern the sale and manufacture of ordinances is important. Gun smithing is a wide subject which cannot be mastered as a whole hence many of the gunsmiths specialize in just a few of the available skills.
Those who would like to pursue a career in gun smithing can join universities and colleges that offer programs that are related to this trade. These kinds of programs award their students with an associate of applied science degree after completion of the course.
During the duration of the course, students are equipped with various skills including diagnosis of problems on different kinds of firearms, conversion of firearms, and knowledge on different parts of a firearm. Students are also trained and taught how to refurbish wood and metal on different firearms and how to make use of all the equipments found in a gun smith shop effectively and safely.
Having gone through the required training, getting employment is as easy as getting a job in the mortuary services sector. Gunsmiths can either be employed by the law enforcement agencies; the military in their armories; sports stores that sell hunting firearms; in factories that manufacture firearms; or by gunsmiths who own small shops. During the first few months, the graduates undergo mentorship and are required to undertake tasks that are less complex like disassembling, inspecting, cleaning, reassembling and lubricating the firearms.
Some of the issues that they are expected to handle during repairing of firearms include replacement of parts that could be missing, cracks that might appear on the buttstock, on bolt-lugs, inside the chamber or on the bolts. Other problems may include worn out sear edges that might cause the firearm to fire unexpectedly – especially when its mechanisms of safety are disengaged. They are also expected to handle the removal of any kind of unwanted materials in the barrel of a firearm which can obstruct the bore.
Other than repairing of firearms, there are other tasks that are commonly undertaken by gunsmiths. They include customization of the grip caps, recoil pads, butt plates, sling swivels and iron sights which are often done as an after sales service.